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VAC Genesis glove box with a cold storage system.

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Heidolph Hei-VAP Core HL/G1 rotovap.

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- Fisherbrand Isotemp drying oven (60 L).
- Thermo Scientific Thermolyne benchtop muffle furnace (2 L).
- Thermo Scientific vacuum oven (19.8 L
- Thermo Scientific Sorvall Legend X1 centrifuge with:
   (a) TX-400 swinging bucket rotor
   (b) Fiberlite F15-8 x 50cy fixed angle rotor (max. 12,000 rpm).

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Catalyst pre-treatment rig (calcination, reduction, passivation) with 3 ports, 2 temperature-controlled vertical furnaces, and 1 Mellen NACCI horizontal tube furnace.


Micromeritics TriStar II 3020 with VacPrep 061 system for measurements of surface area and porosity.

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TA Instruments SDT Q600 thermogravimetric analyzer (TGA) and differential scanning calorimeter (DSC).

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- Micromeritics FR-200 flow reactor system (2 flow reactors in series or parallel configuration) with 4 MFCs and 2 gas/liquid separators with capacity level sensors.
- Micromeritics In-situ Catalyst Characterization System (ICCS): in-situ (up to 20 bar) pulse chemisorption, temperature-programmed reduction (TPR), desorption (TPD), and oxidation (TPO). 
- Agilent 8890 GC with 2 inlets, 2 FIDs with ARC Jetanizers, 1 TCD, and 4 automated valves.

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Household microwave with Parr 4781 microwave acid vessel for samples digestion for ICP analysis. 

Thermo Scientific Nicolet iS20 FTIR spectrometer with a Harrick high temperature and pressure (up to 30 bar) Praying Mantis reaction chamber.


50 mL Parr 4790 vessel and Chrom Tech P-MXT10S HPLC pump. 


Atmospheric pressure flow reactor (connected to MS).

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MKS Cirrus 3 mass spectrometer.

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Agilent 7890A GC with automated valve and FID with ARC Jetanizer.

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Agilent HPLC 1200 series with RID and DAD detectors.

Additional characterization techniques at Clemson University

1) X-ray Diffraction (XRD) Spectroscopy at the Chemistry Instrumentation Facility.

2) Inductively Coupled Plasma - Optical Emission Spectrometry (ICP-OES) at the Chemistry Instrumentation Facility.

3) Atomic Absorption (AA) Spectrometry at the Chemistry Instrumentation Facility.

4) Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) Spectroscopy at the Chemistry Instrumentation Facility.

5) Electron Microscopy (SEM, TEM, and STEM) and Energy-dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy (EDS) Elemental Analysis at the Electron Microscopy Facility.

6) X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS) and Auger Electron Spectroscopy (XPS & AES) at the Electron Microscopy Facility.


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